What is a RobotWhat is a Robot? In order for a mechanism to be called a robot, it must contain four basic parts. These basic parts; the necessary sensors (receivers) for the robot to detect the data around it, the electronic circuits that provide the data collection and control, a program that enables the robot to perform the decision making with the appropriate mathematical and logical operations by using this sensor data is a mechanical mechanism that can perform.
What is RoboticWhat is Robotic? It is a branch of science that includes studies on the preparation of systems for some tasks that can take the place of human completely and help people for some jobs. Persons working in this discipline are mainly software developers, electrical hardware designers, mechanical hardware designers and their manufacturers.
3 Robot Law3 Robot Law 0- A robot cannot harm humanity or it cannot be left to allow humanity to be harmed. (This law was added as ”Zero Law” later.) 1- A robot cannot harm human beings or allow them to be damaged by being passive. 2- As long as a robot does not contradict the rules 0 and 1, he must obey the commands given by humans. 3- A robot must maintain its existence as long as it does not contradict the rules 0, 1 and 2.
History of RobotsHistory of Robots From the beginning of history, humans invented tools for use in everyday life. Because it was possible or even easier to do things with these tools. But instead of doing these things in the minds of people, it was easier to find someone to live and live. Those who were strong gained slaves of power. The clever ones were able to imagine robot-like things from the very beginning. For example, Aristotle, the ancient Greek philosopher, gave the first clue about the robots with the words Mes if all the vehicles were ordered or if they could work on their own, there would be no need for workers or slaves Mes. From the robotic science until the industrial revolution, and even considering the modern definition of robots, there was no tangible development until the mid-20th century, except for the automatic machines of Abu Bakar Al Jazeera, the father of cybernetics, who was not known by western science in the 13th century.
History of RobotsHistory of Robots Robotics is usually composed of theory, ideas, and imaginary designs. The word robot one was originally derived from by the Czech playwright Karel Capek, which corresponds to the serving word in the Czech language. Along with the industrial revolution, technology has begun to develop with great acceleration. But the robots actually took a century to enter our lives. With the 20th century, Robotic entered the business world slowly. The robotic sector, which consisted of babies crying in the stomach just before, entered the industry with the use of robot-like structures to transport hot metals. It was later developed and used in many jobs. Robots that can be reprogrammed, and those who can do more than one job, are using robots in space exploration. We will chronologically examine this slow but suddenly accelerated historical development of robots.
History of RobotsHistory of Robots Homer speaks of moving quasands in his work Iliad. In the ancient Greek legend Jason and Argonauts, a giant bronze guard named Talos appears. This giant is mek programmed mek by the gods to protect the island of Crete from foreigners. The ancient Egyptians added mechanical arms to their god sculptures. These statues were moved by priests who were believed to be inspired by the gods. The first digital computer and the abacus still being used today. It was developed in India in 1000 years.
History of RobotsHistory of Robots It is accepted that Aristotle introduced the first concept of automation. B.C. In the 4th century, he wrote: lar If every vehicle could see its own work, without the need for a human hand, the shuttle would be able to handle itself; M.O. In the 300s, engineers created water-powered automats. The definition of the automaton is the adaki self- acting machine that mimics the behavior of humans or animals Ot. In this period, the Hero of Alexandria made a vending machine that Hercules killed a dragon with an arrow.
Industrial RoboticsIndustrial Robotics As the complexity of the robots increases, their use in the industry is also expanding. The main function of industrial robotics is the automation of huge manufacturing industries where defined routine tasks are repeated in the same way and continuously. The automotive industry is the most evident example of the operation of these large and complex robots. Robots are used in painting, sealing, production and assembly of parts. The reason why robots are suitable for these tasks is that little feedback is sufficient to control the process. Industrial robots can be manufactured in a variety of sizes and can perform larger than a human.
Operational RoboticsOperational Robotics Operational robot systems have been developed in order to work in human life, continuous operation, radiation environment, underwater, volcanic craters, spaces such as mine clearing, toxic waste treatment, and mining. These systems are programmable and remote controlled rather than self-operational. They require high technology and their working principles are specific. Power transmission systems (such as Hydraulic, Pneumatic) or radio frequency are used for remote management.
Cybernetic RoboticsCybernetic Robotics The first area of interest in cybernetics is constructive architectural or external appearance and body architecture. Since the aim is to simulate living tissue, electronics, materials science and medicine have been included in the subject besides cybernetics. It also concerns traditional engineering and science categories such as constructive physics, hydraulics, and machinery. Plastic casting methods, three-dimensional design ability, and artistic abilities, such as abstract capabilities are special requirements. Some cybernetic scientists do research to use calcium and natural tissues instead of plastic and metal.
Cybernetic RoboticsCybernetic Robotics One of the main goals in cybernetics is to reduce the difference between man and robot. Although terms such as cyborg, Android has not yet been fully realized, they have been pronounced on this occasion. The development of humanoid robot technology will automatically reveal the social robotics field. The robots in this area will need to be accepted by society and interact with people and accompany them. Examples of humanoid robots are Wakamaru, produced by Mitsubishi and accompanying elderly or disabled people. Domestic robotic domestic robots have also begun to acquire various human characteristics by changing this technique.
Robotics in Military FieldRobotics in Military Field Robotic in the military area is widely used in unmanned aircraft and tank trials. It is known that the robots are designed as destructive and especially with defense and exploration missions. Search robots can also be included in this category. This area, which will grow and the coming years.
Robotics in Entertainment and hobbsRobotics in Entertainment and hobbs In cinema, robotic is a traditional visual effect technique. When the artistic view, material knowledge, and technique are combined, very real effects can be obtained. In recent years, although an increase in computer effects is observed, robots are still present as a valid method, especially in the case of realism in light and color. Usually, these robots are scarce because the effects companies keep their techniques secret. However, it is generally an area of interest to those who are knowledgeable about mechatronics.
Robotics in Entertainment and hobbsRobotics in Entertainment and Hobby Robot hobby is also a popular and important area. This category can be shaped according to everyone's tendencies. For example, in Japan every year there are demonstrations in which hobby robots compete. There are many groups of hobbyists, many books and publications and many national and international competitions.