UPLOAD

    Ayşe Demir

    İstanbul, Türkiye

    2.5K

    TECHNOLOGY

    Published: August 27, 2018

    Technology  is first robustly defined by Jacob Bigelow in 1829 as: "principles, processes, and nomenclatures of the more conspicuous arts, particularly those which involve applications of science, and which may be considered useful, by promoting the benefit of society, together with the emolument of those who pursue them."

    Comments

    TECHNOLOGY

    • 1. TECHNOLOGY This presentation uses a free template provided by FPPT.com www.free-power-point-templates.com TECHNOLOGY
    • 2. DEFINITION This presentation uses a free template provided by FPPT.com www.free-power-point-templates.com DEFINITION Technology is first robustly defined by Jacob Bigelow in 1829 as: "principles, processes, and nomenclatures of the more conspicuous arts, particularly those which involve applications of science, and which may be considered useful, by promoting the benefit of society, together with the emolument of those who pursue them."
    • 3. Principle This presentation uses a free template provided by FPPT.com www.free-power-point-templates.com Principle is a term defined current-day by Merriam- Webster as: "a comprehensive and fundamental law, doctrine, or assumption", "a primary source", "the laws or facts of nature underlying the working of an artificial device", "an ingredient (such as a chemical) that exhibits or imparts a characteristic quality."
    • 4. Process This presentation uses a free template provided by FPPT.com www.free-power-point-templates.com Process is a term defined current-day by the United States Patent Laws (United States Code Title 34 - Patents) published by the United States Patent and Trade Office (USPTO) as follows: "The term 'process' means process, art, or method, and includes a new use of a known process, machine, manufacture, composition of matter, or material."
    • 5. Nomenclature This presentation uses a free template provided by FPPT.com www.free-power-point-templates.com Nomenclature is term defined by Merriam-Webster as: "name, designation", "the act or process or an instance of naming", "a system or set of terms or symbols especially in a particular science, discipline, or art."
    • 6. Application of Science This presentation uses a free template provided by FPPT.com www.free-power-point-templates.com Application of Science is a term defined current-day by the United States' National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine as: "...any use of scientific knowledge for a specific purpose, whether to do more science; to design a product, process, or medical treatment; to develop a new technology; or to predict the impacts of human actions."
    • 7. The simplest form of technology is the development and use of basic tools. The prehistoric discovery of how to control fire and the later Neolithic Revolution increased the available sources of food, and the invention of the wheel helped humans to travel in and control their environment. Developments in historic times, including the printing press, the telephone, and the Internet, have lessened physical barriers to communication and allowed humans to interact freely on a global scale. This presentation uses a free template provided by FPPT.com www.free-power-point-templates.com The simplest form of technology is the development and use of basic tools. The prehistoric discovery of how to control fire and the later Neolithic Revolution increased the available sources of food, and the invention of the wheel helped humans to travel in and control their environment. Developments in historic times, including the printing press, the telephone, and the Internet, have lessened physical barriers to communication and allowed humans to interact freely on a global scale.
    • 8. Slide3 This presentation uses a free template provided by FPPT.com www.free-power-point-templates.com SCIENCE, ENGINEERING & TECHNOLOGY
    • 9. Slide13 This presentation uses a free template provided by FPPT.com www.free-power-point-templates.com The distinction between science, engineering, and technology is not always clear. Science is systematic knowledge of the physical or material world gained through observation and experimentation. Technologies are not usually exclusively products of science, because they have to satisfy requirements such as utility, usability, and safety.
    • 10. Slide14 This presentation uses a free template provided by FPPT.com www.free-power-point-templates.com Engineering is the goal-oriented process of designing and making tools and systems to exploit natural phenomena for practical human means, often (but not always) using results and techniques from science. The development of technology may draw upon many fields of knowledge, including scientific, engineering, mathematical, linguistic, and historical knowledge, to achieve some practical result.
    • 11. Slide15 This presentation uses a free template provided by FPPT.com www.free-power-point-templates.com Technology is often a consequence of science and engineering, although technology as a human activity precedes the two fields. For example, science might study the flow of electrons in electrical conductors by using already-existing tools and knowledge. This new- found knowledge may then be used by engineers to create new tools and machines such as semiconductors, computers, and other forms of advanced technology. In this sense, scientists and engineers may both be considered technologists; the three fields are often considered as one for the purposes of research and reference.
    • 12. Slide16 This presentation uses a free template provided by FPPT.com www.free-power-point-templates.com PHILOSOPHY
    • 13. Slide17 This presentation uses a free template provided by FPPT.com www.free-power-point-templates.com TECHNICISM Generally, technicism is the belief in the utility of technology for improving human societies. Taken to an extreme, technicism "reflects a fundamental attitude which seeks to control reality, to resolve all problems with the use of scientific technological methods and tools." In other words, human beings will someday be able to master all problems and possibly even control the future using technology. Some, such as Stephen V. Monsma, connect these ideas to the abdication of religion as a higher moral authority.
    • 14. Slide18 This presentation uses a free template provided by FPPT.com www.free-power-point-templates.com OPTIMISM Optimistic assumptions are made by proponents of ideologies such as transhumanism and singularitarianism, which view technological development as generally having beneficial effects for the society and the human condition. In these ideologies, technological development is morally good. Some critics see these ideologies as examples of scientism and techno utopianism and fear the notion of human enhancement and technological singularity which they support. Some have described Karl Marx as a techno optimist.
    • 15. Slide19 This presentation uses a free template provided by FPPT.com www.free-power-point-templates.com SKEPTICISM & CRITICS On the somewhat skeptical side are certain philosophers like Herbert Marcuse and John Zerzan, who believe that technological societies are inherently flawed. They suggest that the inevitable result of such a society is to become evermore technological at the cost of freedom and psychological health. A more infamous anti-technological treatise is Industrial Society and Its Future, written by the Unabomber Ted Kaczynski and printed in several major newspapers (and later books) as part of an effort to end his bombing campaign of the techno-industrial infrastructure. There are also subcultures that disapprove of some or most technology, such as self- identified off-gridders.
    • 16. Slide20 This presentation uses a free template provided by FPPT.com www.free-power-point-templates.com APPROPRIATE TECHNOLOGY The notion of appropriate technology was developed in the 20th century by thinkers such as E. F. Schumacher and Jacques Ellul to describe situations where it was not desirable to use very new technologies or those that required access to some centralized infrastructure or parts or skills imported from elsewhere. The ecovillage movement emerged in part due to this concern.
    • 17. Slide21 This presentation uses a free template provided by FPPT.com www.free-power-point-templates.com OPTIMISM & SKEPTICISM In his article, Jared Bernstein, a Senior Fellow at the Center on Budget and Policy Priorities, questions the widespread idea that automation, and more broadly, technological advances, have mainly contributed to this growing labor market problem. His thesis appears to be a third way between optimism and skepticism. Essentially, he stands for a neutral approach of the linkage between technology and American issues concerning unemployment and declining wages. IN THE 21st CENTURY
    • 18. Slide22 This presentation uses a free template provided by FPPT.com www.free-power-point-templates.com COMPLEX TECHNOLOGICAL Technology is often considered too narrowly; according to Hughes, "Technology is a creative process involving human ingenuity". This definition's emphasis on creativity avoids unbounded definitions that may mistakenly include cooking “technologies," but it also highlights the prominent role of humans and therefore their responsibilities for the use of complex technological systems. SYSTEMS
    • 19. Slide23 This presentation uses a free template provided by FPPT.com www.free-power-point-templates.com COMPETITIVE NESS
    • 20. Slide25 This presentation uses a free template provided by FPPT.com www.free-power-point-templates.com Technology is properly defined as any application of science to accomplish a function. The science can be leading edge or well established and the function can have high visibility or be significantly more mundane, but it is all technology, and its exploitation is the foundation of all competitive advantage. Technology-based planning is what was used to build the US industrial giants before WWII (e.g., Dow, DuPont, GM) and it is what was used to transform the US into a superpower. It was not economic-based planning.
    • 21. Slide24 This presentation uses a free template provided by FPPT.com www.free-power-point-templates.com FUTURE TECHNOLOGY
    • 22. Slide26 This presentation uses a free template provided by FPPT.com www.free-power-point-templates.com Theories of technology often attempt to predict the future of technology based on the high technology and science of the time. As with all predictions of the future, however, technology's is uncertain. In 2005, futurist Ray Kurzweil predicted that the future of technology would mainly consist of an overlapping "GNR Revolution" of genetics, nanotechnology and robotics, with robotics being the most important of the three.
    • 23. Slide5 This presentation uses a free template provided by FPPT.com www.free-power-point-templates.com THANK YOU