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    Environmental Problems Grow as Energy Consumption Rises

    Published: November 12, 2018

    The increase in energy consumption brings with it important environmental problems. Emissions from energy create air, water and soil pollution. Human health threatens nature and biodiversity. The only solution to the problem is the use of renewable energy sources.

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    Environmental Problems Grow as Energy Consumption Rises

    • 1. Environmental Problems Grow as Energy Consumption Rises Environmental Problems Grow as Energy Consumption Rises
    • 2. Environmental Problems Grow as Energy Consumption Rises The increase in energy consumption brings with it important environmental problems. Emissions from energy create air, water and soil pollution. Human health threatens nature and biodiversity. The only solution to the problem is the use of renewable energy sources. Environmental Problems Grow as Energy Consumption Rises
    • 3. Environmental Problems Grow as Energy Consumption Rises It is estimated that an effective policy will provide 20% savings in the EU's energy consumption and 60 billion euros a year. Turkey will make an annual saving of $ 3 Billion efficient energy use. Environmental Problems Grow as Energy Consumption Rises
    • 4. Environmental Problems Grow as Energy Consumption Rises According to European Commission data, in the 20th century, global energy use increased by 20 times. By 2020 it is expected to increase by 2%. This means that by 2035 the energy consumption will be doubled. While the transport sector, which provides 95% of its energy from fuel, is the most energy consuming sector, the energy consumption of the sector is expected to increase by 1.5% per annum in developed countries and 3.6% per annum in developing countries. Environmental Problems Grow as Energy Consumption Rises
    • 5. Environmental Problems Grow as Energy Demand Increases However, increasing demand for energy is increasing day by day, causing significant environmental problems. While emissions from energy create air, water and soil pollution, they threaten human health, nature and biodiversity. Excessive energy consumption causes the use of all kinds of energy sources, while the negative effects on the environment are increasing. Environmental Problems Grow as Energy Demand Increases
    • 6. Environmental Problems Grow as Energy Demand Increases Therefore, meeting the increasing energy needs in the long term; The need for energy requires the establishment of a lasting and effective relationship between ecological balance and environmental protection and the use of environmentally friendly energy resources. Environmental Problems Grow as Energy Demand Increases
    • 7. Environmental Problems Grow as Energy Demand Increases This approach enabled the EU's energy policy to be shaped with a sustainable understanding. In this context, the measures taken against the environmental risks of some energy sources, To achieve energy efficiency and savings, it was necessary to minimize the loss of resources and to develop policies to combat global warming. As a result, EU energy policy, environmental sustainability; energy, the cleanest, cheapest, most efficient and uninterrupted supply was directly associated with. Environmental Problems Grow as Energy Demand Increases
    • 8. Environment and EU Energy Policy Renewable energy sources, especially from wind, water, solar and biomass power, are the focal point of the EU's energy policy. There are three reasons for this: First, renewable energy has an important role in reducing carbon dioxide emissions; second, renewable energy to improve sustainability and reduce EU dependence on energy. Third, renewable energy sources can compete in the medium and long term with economically traditional energy resources. Environment and EU Energy Policy
    • 9. Environment and EU Energy Policy The union's integration of the environmental factor into energy policy ensures that both energy efficiency and the use of renewable energy sources are encouraged. This new approach also aims to strengthen the energy domestic market by separating energy production from energy distribution. However, transition to energy modeling is a necessity in order to minimize the environmental pollution caused by different energy sources. Environment and EU Energy Policy
    • 10. Environment and EU Energy Policy According to the EU's approach, climate change is the most serious threat to the environment and human health. In this context; Considering that 80% of greenhouse gases originate from heat and energy generation and transportation vehicles, it is important to give priority to the reduction of greenhouse gases from the source in preventing global warming, which causes great economic and environmental losses in all societies. Environment and EU Energy Policy
    • 11. Environment and EU Energy Policy The White Paper, ve Energy for the Future: Renewable Energy Resources ve, was published in 1997 by the EU's first initiative to eliminate the negative impacts of the energy production and consumption on the environment. The aim was to increase the share of renewable energies in total energy consumption to 12% by 2010. The EU has gone one step further in 2000 and put forward an energy integration strategy entitled ı Towards the European Strategy for Energy Supply Security z. Environment and EU Energy Policy
    • 12. EU's Outsourcing in the 2020s to Reach 70% The strategy emphasizing that the dependence of the EU on imports with increasing energy needs and also dependence on fossil fuels will grow gradually and the dependence ratio will reach to 70% in 20-30 years, the integration of the environmental factor with the energy policy, together with the draws attention to the need to ensure a sustainable relationship between the three sources of resources. EU's Outsourcing in the 2020s to Reach 70%
    • 13. EU's Outsourcing in the 2020s to Reach 70% Environmental integration in the field of energy gained strength in March 2006 with the publication of the Green Paper entitled başlıklı Safe, Competitive and Sustainable Energy Politics for Europe Enerji. This document provides a basis for the establishment of a common policy among the member states; initiating the search for solutions throughout the Union on environment-friendly energy sources and climate change while increasing the number of research and investments for the development of renewable energy resources; an action plan for energy efficiency and a roadmap for renewable energy sources are pointed out. EU's Outsourcing in the 2020s to Reach 70%
    • 14. 20% Of Consumption Will Be Directed Towards Renewable Energy sources Finally, the European Commission set out a esi Energy-Climate Change u package, which was framed in January 2007 and approved in the March 2007 Spring Summit, to address climate change, particularly the promotion of renewable energies. The package, which is expected to be completed in January 2008, aims to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by 20% by 2020 (this rate is expected to rise to 30% if the US, China and India make similar commitments); 20% of energy consumption is met by renewable energy sources - today this rate is 6.5% - and the rate of biofuel in transportation is to be increased to at least 10%. 20% Of Consumption Will Be Directed Towards Renewable Energy sources
    • 15. 20% Of Consumption Will Be Directed Towards Renewable Energy sources All of these strategies are united when the EU's energy policy needs to be designed in line with the Kyoto process. Since the early 1990s, the EU has taken the European Climate Change Program in March 2000, taking serious steps to control its greenhouse gas emissions. The most important implementation developed in light of the program is the EU Emission Trading System, which came into force on 1 January 2005 and forms the basis of emission studies. In addition, there are guidelines for the National Emission Upper Limit Values and for Carbon Capture-Storage. The completion of the Kyoto Protocol in 2012 will push the EU to formulate new measures to determine the next targets, while envisioning that the criteria for reducing emissions will also be raised. 20% Of Consumption Will Be Directed Towards Renewable Energy sources
    • 16. Major Environmental Problems in Energy The EU focuses on improving energy efficiency in all sectors to increase the use of renewable energies and solve environmental problems. The Green Paper on Energy Efficiency, adopted in June 2005, could save at least 20% of the EU's total energy consumption with a cost-effective method, equivalent to 60 billion euros per year, ie the total energy consumption of Germany and Finland. he is attracting attention. The annual money savings to be made by using energy efficient Turkey is estimated at $ 3 billion. The measure taken by the EU in this direction is important for the member states to fulfill their Kyoto obligations. Major Environmental Problems in Energy
    • 17. Major Environmental Problems in Energy The implementation of energy efficiency is subject to some legal regulations in potential areas where energy savings can be achieved. These arrangements; Energy end use efficiency and energy services, The project includes direct energy use in buildings, eco design in energy- sourced products, eco-labeling in household appliances, and heat and electricity production. Therefore, in the long-term plans for the solution of energy-related environmental pollution problems, the main objective is to keep the consumption of non-renewable energy resources at a level appropriate to today's conditions and to benefit from renewable energy sources in short-term plans. Major Environmental Problems in Energy
    • 18. Major Environmental Problems in Energy The EU encourages the sustainable use of energy as much as energy supply security. Data from the European Environment Agency point out that the pressures on the environment resulting from energy production and consumption in 1990 az2003 have been declining but jeopardize the possibility of long-term targets. Accordingly, energy-related greenhouse gas emissions have fallen in the same period, but since the beginning of 2000s, the trend has been reversed and pollution has increased. This increase is attributed to the generation of more electricity from carbon-source power plants. In addition, increased volume in the transport sector causes increased emissions from the transport sector. Major Environmental Problems in Energy
    • 19. Energy Consumption Based on Fossil Fuels Another important issue with respect to sustainable energy is the negative impact of air quality on ecosystem and health, as many cities in the Member States do not meet the EU's limit values. The reduction in emissions is attributed to the use of discount techniques, improvement in energy efficiency and transition to natural gas. Since 2000, the decline in air pollution has been slowing down, according to the increase in energy consumption and carbon use. On the other hand, the fact that energy consumption is still based on fossil fuels and that petrol has a leading role in total energy consumption makes it particularly difficult to implement energy saving measures while making the transportation sector the largest energy consumer. Energy Consumption Based on Fossil Fuels Energy Consumption Based on Fossil Fuels
    • 20. Old Power Plants Shut Down The increase in energy consumption is in line with the increase in per capita income and changes in lifestyle. However, in addition to the improvement in energy efficiency, the transition from energy intensive industry to the field of services reduces energy consumption in the industry. On the other hand, member countries are increasing their importance because of the elimination or renewal of old power plants, which contributes to a sustainable energy sector in terms of environment. Thus, energy production infrastructure investments, which will increase energy efficiency through renewable energy use, are expected to increase. Renewable energy sources are seen as the only source that will reduce the dependence of Europe on the energy sector up to 70%. Old Power Plants Shut Down
    • 21. Old Power Plants Shut Down Within the framework of environmental integration, energy supply security and energy competition will be ensured, innovation within the framework of the targets foreseen until 2020, strengthening R & D activities and transition to implementation of low or zero level carbon technologies are expected. In this context, until the end of 2007, the European Emission Trade System will be reviewed and the projections for post-2012 will be designed, as well as a new 2012 umbrella directive for renewable energy resources 2007. These measures are important for the determination of binding national targets for renewable energies. Old Power Plants Shut Down
    • 22. Old Power Plants Shut Down It is also expected that the European Strategic Energy Technologies Initiative will be presented by the European Commission until the end of the year. Purpose of this, Old Power Plants Shut Down
    • 23. Adaptation of Turkey Turkey is dependent on foreign energy, energy use is increasing along with the economic growth rate. As a result, the UN Climate Change Report published in February 2007 for the period 1990-2004 at a rate 72,6'lık% of Turkey, the fastest increase in the world in greenhouse gas emissions showed that the country records. In addition, half of the electricity generated from natural gas, while coal and fossil fuels increased to 75% in energy production. Adaptation of Turkey
    • 24. Adaptation of Turkey In the current situation, 19% of the generated electricity is used as a loss or leak. Therefore, considering the climate change that is declared as the most fundamental environmental problem of today, Turkey's energy production and consumption that wrong policies developed within the framework of understanding and energy resources led by emerging countries are among the worst industrialized use. This is due to the dominance of fossil fuels, especially natural gas, in the energy market. It is not possible to talk about energy efficiency and energy savings in industry and houses. As a result, the share of renewable energy sources in national energy policies is quite low. Adaptation of Turkey
    • 25. Adaptation of Turkey Within the framework of EU harmonization, the Law on Renewable Energy, adopted in 2005, and the Energy Efficiency Law, which came into force in 2007, signaled some potential developments. However, the European Commission published on 6 November "2007 Turkey Progress Report", there had not been any progress on the identification of national targets in the field of renewable energy, energy efficiency is suggesting that limited progress had been made. Adaptation of Turkey
    • 26. Environmental Policy in Energy Sector The main problem is the lack of environmental policy of the Turkish energy sector. an important step to be taken by Turkey to contribute to the solution of environmental problems by turning to renewable energy sources to reduce dependence on fossil fuels. Global environmental organization Greenpeace According to a survey, Turkey ranks 7th in the world in geothermal energy potential. According to the Ministry of Energy and Natural Resources data, 25-30% in housing, 25% in industry, 15% in transportation and 15% in energy saving. Environmental Policy in Energy Sector
    • 27. Environmental Policy in Energy Sector Reveals the authorities, the studies carried out in the reform process, states that the energy consumed per unit is targeted to be reduced by at least 15% by 2020. In this context, the m Project for Encouraging the Energy Savings Project u has been started to be prepared for the October 2007 - December 2008 period. Environmental Policy in Energy Sector
    • 28. Energy and Environment Not Conflicting Topics Turkey mainly renewable energy production model, while the energy source from which will be produced beyond what percentage, if you care about the issue of how the environment will be protected. Since the issue is a new approach required by environmental integration beyond a technology problem, it requires the development of managerial, financial and technical solutions to eliminate legal deficiencies in energy saving and efficient use areas. Energy and Environment Not Conflicting Topics
    • 29. Energy and Environment Not Conflicting Topics Without considering energy and the environment as two conflicting fields, it is necessary to establish policies based on sustainable development and to create energy and protect the environment. Therefore, to achieve maximum benefit from renewable energy sources, carbon capture and storage, new technologies, reforestation, energy efficiency, Energy and Environment Not Conflicting Topics
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