Slide13•Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) are infections that are passed from one person to another through sexual contact. The causes of STDs are bacteria, parasites, yeast, and viruses. •Most STIs initially do not cause symptoms.This results in a greater risk of passing the disease on to others.
Gonorrhea (The Clap);Gonorrhea (The Clap); 4 Is a sexually transmitted disease (STD) caused by infection with the Neisseria gonorrhoeae bacterium. N. gonorrhoeae infects the mucous membranes of the reproductive tract, including the cervix, uterus, and fallopian tubes in women, and the urethra in women and men. N. gonorrhoeae can also infect the mucous membranes of the mouth, throat, eyes, and rectum.
Chlamydia;Chlamydia; 5 Is a common STL. It is caused by bacteria called Chlamydia trachomatis. It can infect both men and women. Women can get chlamydia in the cervix, rectum, or throat. Men can get chlamydia in the urethra (inside the penis), rectum, or throat.
ScabiesScabies 6 Is a disease characterized by severe itchy skin and a reddish rash that is contagious from person to person. It is caused by a mite (Sarcoptes scabiei var. hominis) that burrows into the skin. Although it can be transmitted by sexual contact, there is controversy about labeling it a sexually transmitted disease because it can also be transmitted by nonsexual physical contact.
SyphilisSyphilis 7 Syphilis is a common bacterial infection that’s spread through sex. Syphilis is easily cured with antibiotic medicine, but it can cause permanent damage if you don’t get treated.
Trichomoniasis;Trichomoniasis; 8 Is a very common sexually transmitted disease (STD). It is caused by infection with a protozoan parasite called Trichomonas vaginalis. Although symptoms of the disease vary, most people who have the parasite cannot tell they are infected.
HIV- AIDSHIV- AIDS 9 Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome, a syndrome caused by infection with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), with ensuing compromise of the body's immune system.
Slide16It weakens the body's immune system. It is spread through sexual contact, needle sharing, or from an infected mother to baby. With appropriate treatment, many serious illnesses can be prevented.
Hepatitis B;Hepatitis B; 11 Hepatitis B is a viral infection that attacks the liver and can cause both acute and chronic disease. The virus is transmitted through contact with the blood or other body fluids of an infected person. An estimated 257 million people are living with hepatitis B virus infection (defined as hepatitis B surface antigen positive).
The human papillomavirus (HPV);The human papillomavirus (HPV); 12 HPV stands for human papillomavirus. It’s the most common sexually transmitted infection. HPV is usually harmless and goes away by itself, but some types can lead to cancer or genital warts.
13 There are more than 100 types of human papillomavirus (HPV). About 40 kinds can infect your genital area — your vulva, vagina, cervix, rectum, anus, penis, and scrotum — as well as your mouth and throat. These kinds of HPV are spread during sexual contact. (Other types of HPV cause common warts like hand warts and plantar warts on the feet — but these aren’t sexually transmitted.)
Herpes Simplex Virus; Herpes Simplex Virus; 14 The herpes simplex virus, or herpes, is categorized into 2 types: herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) and herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV-2). HSV-1 is mainly transmitted by oral-to-oral contact to cause oral herpes (which can include symptoms known as “cold sores”), but can also cause genital herpes. HSV-2 is a sexually transmitted infection that causes genital herpes.
15 Both HSV-1 and HSV-2 infections are lifelong. An estimated 3.7 billion people under age 50 (67%) have HSV-1 infection globally.
17 Asking partners if they have ever had an STD Using condoms: Condoms can prevent the spread of some STDs, but they aren't 100% effective Avoiding sexual activity with a partner who has signs of an STD Asking partners to be tested before having sex Being aware of symptoms and signs of STDs Comprehensive sexuality education
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