PHYSICAL HEALTHPHYSICAL HEALTH Adequate and Balanced Diet • Physical Activity • Smoke/Alcohol/Drug Free Lifestyle • Measures for Controlling Chronic Diseases
Adequate and Balanced DietAdequate and Balanced Diet The definition of adequate and balanced diet is the intake of nutrients necessary for the growth, renewal functioning of the body in sufficient amounts and quality Essential Food Groups -Fruits -Vegetables -Dairy -Grains -Lean meat, fish, poultry, eggs,nuts and legumes
Daily Food IntakeDaily Food Intake Milk and Milk Products -3/4 Portions Grains -4/6 Portions Meat,Eggs and Legumes -2 Portions Fresh Vegetables and Fruits -at least 5 portions (2p fruits,3p vegetables)
Measurments related with nutritionMeasurments related with nutrition Body Mass Index is a value derived from the mass (weight) and height of an individual.The BMI is defined as the body mass divided by the square of the body height, and is universally expressed in units of kg/m2, resulting from mass in kilograms and height in metres.
Slide9Weight-The amount or quantity of heaviness or mass; amount a thing weighs. Height-the measurement from base to top or (of a standing person) from head to foot. Waist Circumference-A measurement that has been shown to be a valid index identifying people who need weight management if they are to avoid a significant risk of heart attacks. Waist circumferences of more than 94 cm in men and more than 80 cm in women indicate danger.
Physical ActivityPhysical Activity -Recommended Physical Activities for Adults -Aerobic and Muscle Strengthening
Slide27Recommended physical activities for: 5-17 years of age-at least 60 minutes of moderate- to vigorous-intensity physical activity daily.
Slide13ADULTS (18-64 years of age)- should do at least 150 minutes of moderate- intensity aerobic physical activity throughout the week or do at least 75 minutes of vigorous-intensity aerobic physical activity throughout the week or an equivalent combination of moderate- and vigorous-intensity activity.
Slide14Modarate-Intensity Aerobic Physical Activity For 2 hours and 30 minutes (150 minutes) every week Vigorous intensity aerobic activity 1 hour and 15 minutes (75 minutes) of (i.e., jogging or running) every week Muscle strenghtening activities on 2 or more days a week that work all major muscle groups (legs, hips, back, abdomen, chest, shoulders, and arms)
Aerobic ActivitiesAerobic Activities Aerobic activity or "cardio" causes breathing harder and heart beating faster
Adults 65 and OlderAdults 65 and Older 1 hours and 30 minutes (150 minutes) of moderate-intensity aerobic activity (i.e., brisk walking) every week -muscle-strengthening activities on 2 or more days a week that work all major muscle groups (legs, hips, back, abdomen, chest, shoulders, and arms). OR 1 hour and 15 minutes (75 minutes) of vigorous-intensity aerobic activity (i.e., jogging or running) every week -muscle-strengthening activities on 2 or more days a week that work all major muscle groups (legs, hips, back, abdomen, chest, shoulders, and arms).
Slide17Older adults at risk of falls, such as people with weak legs, poor balance and some medical conditions, should do exercises to improve balance and co-ordination on at least two days a week.Examples include yoga, tai chi and dancing.
DEFINITION OF HEALTHDEFINITION OF HEALTH Health can be defined from many perspectives, ranging from statistics on mortality, life expectancy, and morbidity rates to idealized versions of human and societal perfection, as in the World Health Organization's (WHO's) founding charter.
Slide20The preamble to the constitution of the WHO, as adopted by the International Health Conference in New York in 1946 and signed by the representatives of 61 states, entered into force on 7 April 1948, with the widely cited definition: "Health is a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity". This definition is still important conceptually as an ideal accepted as fundamental to public policy over the years.
Slide21A more operational definition of health is a state of equilibrium of the person with the biological, physical, and social environment, with the object of maximum functional capability. Health is thus seen as a state characterized by anatomical, physiological, and psychological integrity, and an optimal functional capability in the family, work, and societal roles (including coping with associated stresses), a feeling of well-being, and freedom from risk of disease and premature death.
DEFINITION OF DISEASEDEFINITION OF DISEASE A disease is a particular abnormal condition that affects part or all of an organism not caused by external force (see 'injury') and that consists of a disorder of a structure or function, usually serving as an evolutionary disadvantage. The study of disease is called pathology, which includes the study of cause. Disease is often construed as a medical condition associated with specific symptoms and signs.
Slide24In humans, disease is often used more broadly to refer to any condition that causes pain, dysfunction, distress, social problems, or death to the person afflicted, or similar problems for those in contact with the person. In this broader sense, it sometimes includes injuries, disabilities, disorders, syndromes, infections, isolated symptoms, deviant behaviors, and atypical variations of structure and function, while in other contexts and for other purposes these may be considered distinguishable categories. Diseases can affect people not only physically, but also emotionally, as contracting and living with a disease can alter the affected person's perspective on life.
Slide25Death due to disease is called death by natural causes. There are four main types of disease: -infectious diseases -deficiency diseases -genetic diseases (both hereditary and non-hereditary) -physiological diseases Diseases can also be classified as communicable and non-communicable. The deadliest diseases in humans are coronary artery disease (blood flow obstruction), followed by cerebrovascular disease and lower respiratory infections.