Module 1 - Migration - history, social, economic aspects (1)

    Published: May 12, 2023



    Module 1 - Migration - history, social, economic aspects (1)

    • 1. IO3: Creation of Training Contents for Diversity Learning and Management MIGRATION history, social, economic aspects IO3: Creation of Training Contents for Diversity Learning and Management
    • 2. Slide2 Part 1 Introduction to the topic Conceptual Analysis Migration, as the most general definition, is the temporary or permanent departure of an individual from the area of residence for di ferent reasons. For many years, the reasons for migration were identified with economic reasons and expre sed with the supply- demand balance. These reasons, for which early migration theories sought answers, mostly included migration from rural to urban areas within the city; In the international system, it covers the migration of people from regions with a large workforce to countries with a high capital power.
    • 3. Slide3 E.G.Ravenstein's (1834-1913) article titled "The Laws of Migration" published in 1885 constitutes the starting point for migration studies (Lee, 1966:47) When we examine the seven laws that emerged in this study, it is the most visible finding that migration mobility moves towards commercia ly and industria ly advantageous regions. In summary, early migration theories agree that countries' economic push-pu l factors are the biggest factor in determining migration intake.
    • 4. The deficiencies of early migration theories to explain regional consequences are the starting point for modern migration theories. The deficiencies of early migration theories to explain regional consequences are the starting point for modern migration theories. Faist (2000), on the other hand, divided the migration theories into three as micro, macro and mid-level migration theories (Cited by Krieger, 2004:85). While the micro level includes more individual economic elements, ma s migration has occu red at the macro level, and it is observed that political reasons are also on the agenda at this point
    • 5. Slide5 The dynamics of the concept of migration is constantly changing over time, and in this context, it is a sociologica ly alive concept. Based on these dynamics, Ma sey divides the history of international migration into four periods in 1993: Commercial Period (1500-1800) Industrial Period (1800-1925) Limited Migration Period (1925-1960) Post-Industrial Migration Period (1960- …)
    • 6. Slide6 According to a study conducted by the UN on “International Migration” in December 2017, while there were 173 mi lion immigrants worldwide in 2000, this number increased to 220 mi lion in 2010 and approximately 258 mi lion in 2017(Develi, 2017: 1350) The result revealed by these figures is that economic reasons and modern migration theories are not su ficient to explain today's perception of migration and to deal with immigrants' sociological problems. The multifaceted socio-cultural, demographic and political reasons of migration indicate that a new era of international migration policies should be produced.
    • 7. Indeed, in 2015 and 2016, 1 mi lion refugees and migrants unexpectedly Indeed, in 2015 and 2016, 1 mi lion refugees and migrants unexpectedly a rived in the European Union. Most of them are those who try to escape from the war and te ror in Syria and other countries (European Commi sion, 2017) The reason why the cu rent situation of the European Union is ca led a "crisis" is related to the fact that the i sues that were not mentioned in the historical background of the concept of migration come to the fore in the new period and the problems that arise in this context are also unpredictable. For this very reason, it is important to examine the "Conceptual Analysis of International Migration" and to identify the deficiencies.
    • 8. Slide8 The solution proce s of the European Union regarding this unexpected migration wave is based on social cohesion activities. Countries should act with the fo lowing awarene s. The way to manage migration wi l start with developing intercultural communication ski ls. Because, in societies where there is no social cohesion, political, economic or etc. problems cannot be resolved. Living with di ferences is the key to many problems a tributed to the crisis. This key; It is in the hands of sensitive individuals who are equipped with the ski ls to acquire diversity awarene s, have high empathy, flexible, and adaptable to di ferences.
    • 9. Part 2 Educational Workshop Part 2 Educational Workshop Workshop Title: Forum Theatre Objectives: To provide tools for internalizing the situation after discussion with young people about immigrant issues. To raise awareness about issues that immigrants face in their daily life. To instill feelings of respect and responsibility toward immigrant Activity Technically, “Forum Theater” transforms the relationship between the actors and the audience into interaction. It enables other people to witness the obstacles or problems experienced by disadvantaged groups in social life through theater. As a method, participants will work in groups of equal numbers. These groups will be presented by the coordinator through subject papers on migration and immigrants, various examples of social conflict in different countries. Topics: Problems faced by migrant refugee children who came to Turkey after the 2011 Syrian Civil War in terms of education and language, Between 1939-1945, Jewish citizens wore badges to show this situation and the difficulties they experienced in the face of this discrimination, Examples of discrimination faced by the black race against the white race and the difficulties experienced by people who had to leave their country for this reason, Obstacles faced by Ukrainian citizens who had to leave their country due to the Russia-Ukraine War. can be diversified.
    • 10. Part 3 Case Study After the Syrian Civil War that started in 2011, many people had to leave the region they were in. There are many disadvantaged groups, especially women, the elderly, the disabled and children, among the Syrian citizens who had to migrate in mass. Children are also one of the groups that have the most difficulties and are most affected in the asylum process. For this reason, the target audience of the case was determined as children. Turkey has been chosen as a sample in the case examined, both in terms of being the country that receives the most Syrian immigrants by implementing an open door policy, and geographically because of its location as a "Transit Country" for those who want to cross into Europe among Syrian refugees. Part 3 Case Study Case Study on the Language Problem faced by Syrian Refugee Children in Education in Turkey