Slide2vIllustration vTypes of illustration vStyles and techniques We will discuss
Slide3Difference between a “designer” and an “illustrator” A Designer ✣often relies on a set of elements – images, typography, etc. and organizes them in engaging compositions. The main task of the designer is to focus the attention of the viewer on a certain visual concept, idea, detail, part of the design and to make an idea appealing and memorable. An Illustrator more often produces the imagery himself/herself and not necessarily work on the whole design of the “product”. The illustrations are often supportive to other mediums – for example, illustrations often accompany newspaper articles, books, magazines and they most often serve to support and better translate ideas, texts and/or further explain them.
Slide29definition of illustration An illustration is a drawing, painting or printed work of art which explains, clarifies, illuminates, visually represents, or merely decorates a written text, which may be of a literary or commercial nature
Slide30How illustration became what it is today… To Answer This Question We Have To Look Back In History. vBefore Photography Existed, The Only Way To Express Ideas Were With The Help Of Illustrations. vOften In More Recent Years, Illustrations Had To Be Quite Realistic, Because There Was No Photography To Serve This Purpose. v Logically, A Huge Market For Illustration Were The Magazines, Newspapers, And Books. With Time, Illustrators Gained More Freedom And Their Creativity And Originality Were Now More Valued Than Their Technical Skills And Ability To Draw Realistically. vThat Also Explains The Majority Of Styles In Illustrations That Appeared. But Before Moving To The Most Common Illustrations Styles,
Slide31types of illustration basically divide the types of illustration, based on the technique used, into two large groups: vTraditional illustration vModern style.
Slide32vTechniques for making illustration changed over time, as materials are also changing and evolving. vArtists relied on paper, paints, pencils, but with the digital era evolution, even artists accustomed to traditional mediums and materials started working digitally v – with the help of 2D and 3D software such as Photoshop and 3DMax and Maya, for example. The digital tools and techniques imitate traditional materials and effects achieved with them and it is easy to switch different materials and experiment.
Slide33traditional types of illustration… 1. Woodcutting vIt is an ancient technique which you can see in some of the world’s oldest surviving manuscripts. v It was popular during the Middle Ages and became the illustration type of choice after the invention of the printing press. vCarved block illustrations made it possible for mass-produced books to have beautiful illustrations all printed from the same master cutting. vThe Metropolitan Museum of Art explains that woodcut illustrations were also extremely popular in feudal Japan.
Slide62. Metal etchings vIn traditional pure etching, a metal (usually copper, zinc or steel) plate is covered with a waxy ground which is resistant to acid. vThe artist then scratches off the ground with a pointed etching needle where he or she wants a line to appear in the finished piece, so exposing the bare metal. vThe plate is then dipped in a bath of acid and the acid “bites” into the metal where it is exposed, leaving behind lines sunk into the plate. vThe remaining ground is then cleaned off the plate. The plate is inked all over, and then the ink wiped off the surface, leaving only the ink in the etched lines. The plate is then put through a high-pressure printing press together with a sheet of paper and the paper picks up the ink from the etched lines, making a print.
Slide83. Pencil Illustrations vMaybe one of the most popular types of illustration is the pencil one. It is rich material, which allows you creating soft shadows and transitions, as well creating sharp, accurate lines. vSometimes, illustrators choose to keep the pencil sketch very loose and to draft with a pencil – later on, they finish off the illustration with another material.
Slide104. Charcoal illustration vCharcoal illustrations are often not as precise as pen and pencil illustrations but are a preferred choice for illustrating short stories, fast sketches, nooks. vCharcoal’s blend ability lets the artist create a range of textures, representing materials and shadows, people, objects and the natural world. vArtists often use fingers and tissues to blend the soft material, smudge and create smooth and soft shadows.
5. Lithography5. Lithography vLithography comes from the Greek word for stone. Originally, the technique used an image drawn with oil, fat, or wax onto the surface of a smooth, level lithographic limestone plate. vToday, most types of high-volume books and magazines, especially when illustrated in color, are printed with offset lithography, which has become the most common form of printing technology since the 1960s.
6. Watercolor illustrations18 6. Watercolor illustrations vIn watercolor illustrations, the main thing is to use color pigments and to create nuances and different transparencies by adding water to the color. vThe overall feeling of watercolor illustrations is soft, airy, with lots of depth. Illustrators prefer it for illustrating of cookbooks, feminine and fashion types of illustration, children book illustrations, as it is very light. vIt is one of the easiest ways of creating splashes of color, merging one into another – common threats for the mentioned illustration styles.
Slide14Modern styles and types of illustration 1. Freehand digital illustrations vthe freehand digital illustrations allow very smooth light and shadow transitions, making a complex background and fine detail. vMost of these illustrations are in a raster format and they can be blowed up and printed only to certain sizes before they loose quality
Slide152.Vector graphics 22 vin the other group fall vector graphics/illustrations. The way the images are produced allows scaling it up and down to any size, without any quality loss. vBy rule, it is harder to make a smooth transition with vectors, but vector has its advantages in producing a certain style of imagery and it is very popular for web illustration.