DefinitionDefinition vThe expression of ideas and emotions, with the creation of certain appealing qualities, in a two-dimensional visual language. vAn artist’s decision to use a particular medium, such as tempera, fresco, oil, acrylic, water color or other water- based paints, ink, gouache, encaustic, or casein. 3
Slide4vThe pigment may be in a wet form , such as paint, or a dry form, such as pastels. vPainting can also be a verb, the action of creating such an artwork. 4
Slide66 Cave Paintings: Outlines of everyday made from the Earth. Egyptian Artists: New colors invented (greens & blues) on Papyrus.
Slide77 Medieval times: Illuminated manuscripts were developed on parchment & vellum. Brushes were made of natural hair. Tempera Paint was used. Renaissance: Fresco was used heavily before the invention of oil & varnishes. Canvas also began being used heavily. Impressionism / 19th century – saw the introduction of collapsible tube paints and newer colors. Allowed artists to move out of the studio. “en plain air”
Slide88 20th century – Smooth flat colors. Collage was added.
Slide99 Artistic paintings were introduced to the Filipinos in the Artistic paintings were introduced to the Filipinos in the 16th century when the Spaniards arrived in the Philippines. The Spaniards used paintings as religious propaganda to spread Catholicism throughout the Philippines. These paintings, appearing mostly on church walls, featured religious figures appearing in Catholic teachings. In the early 19th century, wealthier, educated Filipinos introduced more secular Filipino art, causing art in the Philippines to deviate from religious motifs.
Slide1010 ELEMENTS The elements of painting are the basic components or buildings blocks of a painting (and art generally). In Western art they are generally considered to be: v Color vTone (or value) v Line (a narrow mark made by a brush, or a line created where two things meet) vShape (2D, can be positive or negative) and Form (3D) vSpace (or volume) vTexture (or pattern)
Slide1111 Color is the most basic element of a painting. Every color has three aspects to it: hue or name, value or tone, and intensity. vHue – Pure Color (Red, Blue…..). vValue – Amount of Black or White in color. vIntensity – Degree of Purity of color.
Slide1212 Tone vrefers to the degree of lightness or darkness of an area. vTone varies from the bright white of a light source through shades of gray to the deepest black shadows.
Slide1313 Line vIs used to control our eye, create unity and balance. Help construct meanings. vLine can be described as a moving dot. Line is perhaps the most basic element of drawing.
Slide1614 Shape an element of art that is a two-dimensional area that is defined in some way. A shape may have an outline around it or you may recognize it by its area. Geometric shapes precise shapes that can be described using mathematical formulas. Ex. Circle, square, triangle , oval ,rectangle, parallelogram, trapezoid, pentagon, pentagram, hexagon, and octagon.
Slide1415 vFreeform Shapes also called organic shapes, are irregular and uneven shapes. Their outlines may be curved, angular, or a combination of both vForm an element of art, means objects that have three dimensions. I like to think of form as a 3-D shape
Slide1516 Space Is the area around, above, and within an object. With consideration to drawings and paintings, our goal is to create the illusion of space. Texture vImplied – suggested roughness or smoothness of objects in the composition. v Real – what it would feel like if you touch it.
Slide1918 Tempera Water based, egg binder, used prior to 1400’s, colors cannot be mixed, narrow range, fast-drying
Slide2019 Oil Paint Easily mixed, more permanent, used after 1400, slow- drying, can be used in thin layers called glazes or in thick lumps to make an impasto surface.
Slide2120 Watercolor Aquarelle Most common water-based paint, transparent. White paint is seldom used to lighten paint (water is used ) Light colors are applied first, then dark, working from background to foreground.
Slide1821 Gouache Water-based opaque paint, it has more body and dries more slowly than watercolor. Similar to tempera.
Slide2322 Acrylic Paint Synthetic paint with plastic binder Recent (20th century), versatile, similar to oil but dries faster, not as shiny
Slide2223 Encaustic Ancient process of mixing pigments with wax, and then ironing the mixture to a surface
Slide2524 Casein Painting Uses milk protein as a binder, glue-like consistency Too brittle to be used on canvas
Slide2425 Fresco Mixing pigments with plaster (walls, ceilings) Buon “true” Fresco: paint is bound in the wet plaster Fresco secco: paint is applied to dry plaster.