Published: August 06, 2018

    An artist’s decision to use a particular medium, such as tempera, fresco, oil, acrylic, watercolor or other water-based paints, ink, gouache, encaustic, or casein.



    • 1. Painting  Painting
    • 2. Definition  Definition •History of painting •Types •Elements •Famous Paintings 2
    • 3. Definition Definition vThe expression of ideas and emotions, with the creation of certain appealing qualities, in a two-dimensional visual language. vAn artist’s decision to use a particular medium, such as tempera, fresco, oil, acrylic, water color or other water- based paints, ink, gouache, encaustic, or casein. 3
    • 4. Slide4 vThe pigment may be in a wet form , such as paint, or a dry form, such as pastels. vPainting can also be a verb, the action of creating such an artwork. 4
    • 5. Slide5 Painting A BRIEF HISTORY 5
    • 6. Slide6 6 Cave Paintings: Outlines of everyday made from the Earth. Egyptian Artists: New colors invented (greens & blues) on Papyrus.
    • 7. Slide7 7 Medieval times: Illuminated manuscripts were developed on parchment & vellum. Brushes were made of natural hair. Tempera Paint was used. Renaissance: Fresco was used heavily before the invention of oil & varnishes. Canvas also began being used heavily. Impressionism / 19th century – saw the introduction of collapsible tube paints and newer colors. Allowed artists to move out of the studio. “en plain air”
    • 8. Slide8 8 20th century – Smooth flat colors. Collage was added.
    • 9. Slide9 9 Artistic paintings were introduced to the Filipinos in the Artistic paintings were introduced to the Filipinos in the 16th century when the Spaniards arrived in the Philippines. The Spaniards used paintings as religious propaganda to spread Catholicism throughout the Philippines. These paintings, appearing mostly on church walls, featured religious figures appearing in Catholic teachings. In the early 19th century, wealthier, educated Filipinos introduced more secular Filipino art, causing art in the Philippines to deviate from religious motifs.
    • 10. Slide10 10 ELEMENTS The elements of painting are the basic components or buildings blocks of a painting (and art generally). In Western art they are generally considered to be: v Color vTone (or value) v Line (a narrow mark made by a brush, or a line created where two things meet) vShape (2D, can be positive or negative) and Form (3D) vSpace (or volume) vTexture (or pattern)
    • 11. Slide11 11 Color is the most basic element of a painting. Every color has three aspects to it: hue or name, value or tone, and intensity. vHue – Pure Color (Red, Blue…..). vValue – Amount of Black or White in color. vIntensity – Degree of Purity of color.
    • 12. Slide12 12 Tone vrefers to the degree of lightness or darkness of an area. vTone varies from the bright white of a light source through shades of gray to the deepest black shadows.
    • 13. Slide13 13 Line vIs used to control our eye, create unity and balance. Help construct meanings. vLine can be described as a moving dot. Line is perhaps the most basic element of drawing.
    • 14. Slide16 14 Shape an element of art that is a two-dimensional area that is defined in some way. A shape may have an outline around it or you may recognize it by its area. Geometric shapes precise shapes that can be described using mathematical formulas. Ex. Circle, square, triangle , oval ,rectangle, parallelogram, trapezoid, pentagon, pentagram, hexagon, and octagon.
    • 15. Slide14 15 vFreeform Shapes also called organic shapes, are irregular and uneven shapes. Their outlines may be curved, angular, or a combination of both vForm an element of art, means objects that have three dimensions. I like to think of form as a 3-D shape
    • 16. Slide15 16 Space Is the area around, above, and within an object. With consideration to drawings and paintings, our goal is to create the illusion of space. Texture vImplied – suggested roughness or smoothness of objects in the composition. v Real – what it would feel like if you touch it.
    • 17. Slide17 17 TYPES OF PAINTING 1.Tempera 2.Oil (Oil Pastel) 3.Watercolor 4.Gouache 5.Acrylic 6.Encaustic 7.Casein
    • 18. Slide19 18 Tempera Water based, egg binder, used prior to 1400’s, colors cannot be mixed, narrow range, fast-drying
    • 19. Slide20 19 Oil Paint Easily mixed, more permanent, used after 1400, slow- drying, can be used in thin layers called glazes or in thick lumps to make an impasto surface.
    • 20. Slide21 20 Watercolor Aquarelle Most common water-based paint, transparent. White paint is seldom used to lighten paint (water is used ) Light colors are applied first, then dark, working from background to foreground.
    • 21. Slide18 21 Gouache Water-based opaque paint, it has more body and dries more slowly than watercolor. Similar to tempera.
    • 22. Slide23 22 Acrylic Paint Synthetic paint with plastic binder Recent (20th century), versatile, similar to oil but dries faster, not as shiny
    • 23. Slide22 23 Encaustic Ancient process of mixing pigments with wax, and then ironing the mixture to a surface
    • 24. Slide25 24 Casein Painting Uses milk protein as a binder, glue-like consistency Too brittle to be used on canvas
    • 25. Slide24 25 Fresco Mixing pigments with plaster (walls, ceilings) Buon “true” Fresco: paint is bound in the wet plaster Fresco secco: paint is applied to dry plaster.
    • 27. Slide27 27 •Mona Lisa – Leonardo da Vinci.(1503 or 1504)
    • 28. Slide28 28 The Last Supper – Leonardo da Vinci
    • 29. Slide29 29 The Night Watch - Rembrandt van Rijn.(1642)
    • 30. Slide30 30 • Guernica – Pablo Picasso. (1937)
    • 31. Thank you  Thank you 31 Source: http://www.artlex.com/ArtLex/t/tempera.html https://www.artsy.net/gene/painting https://www.britannica.com/art/painting