September 23, 2018
Elements of Art and Principles of Design
Elements of Art and Principles of Design 2.
Elements of Art
Elements of Art The building blocks or ingredients of art. They structure and carry the work. 3.
Elements of Art
Elements of Art Line Color Value Shape Form Space Texture 4.
LINE A mark with length and direction. A continuous mark made on a surface by a moving point. Pablo Picasso 5.
LINE May be vertical, horizontal or diagonal, curved, straight, zigzag, or show emotion. 6.
Contour lines- outline the edges of forms or shapes Gestural lines- indicate action and physical movement LINE 8.
Consists of Hue (another word for color), Value (lightness or darkness) and Intensity (brightness). Henri Matisse Alexander Calder COLOR 9.
Color has three properties: 1. HUE: this is the name of the colors 2. VALUE: refers to the lightness or darkness of a hue. 3. INTENSITY: refers to the purity of the hue or strength of a color COLOR 10.
Neutral Colors These colors are made by adding a complimentary color (opposite on the color wheel) to a hue. Neutralized hues are called tones. 11.
Tints and Shades
Tints – adding the color white to lighten a hue Shades – adding black to darken a hue Shades- adding the color black. Tints and Shades 12.
Warm and Cool Colors
Warm and Cool Colors Warm – red, orange, yellow Cool – green, blue, violet 13.
The lightness or darkness of a color. MC Escher Pablo Picasso VALUE 14.
High Range in Value Low Range in Value VALUE 15.
2-dimensional and it encloses space Joan Miro SHAPE 16.
SHAPE Shapes can be geometric or organic. GEOMETRIC: square, triangle, rectangle, rhombus, circle, cone ORGANIC: free form shapes, shapes in nature; for example: leaves, trees, animals 17.
Organic vs. Geometric
Organic vs. Geometric SHAPE 18.
The appearance of a 3 dimensional object which is encloses and holds volume Jean Arp Lucien Freud FORM 19.
Shows an object in space, the mass or positive space it occupies. For example, a triangle, which is 2-dimensional, is a shape, but a pyramid, which is 3-dimensional, is a form. FORM 20.
Form can be 2D Form can be 3D FORM 21.
The distance or area between, around, above, below, or within things. Foreground, Middleground and Background (creates DEPTH) SPACE 22.
Positive (filled with something) and Negative (empty areas) SPACE 23.
The surface quality or "feel" of an object, its smoothness, roughness, softness, etc. TEXTURE 24.
TEXTURE Textures may be actual or implied. 25.
Actual – texture that you can feel with your sense of touch Implied – texture that has been simulated in drawing and painting on a smooth surface TEXTURE 26.
You should now have7 Elements of Art Pages turn your book over and start from the other side……
You should now have 7 Elements of Art Pages turn your book over and start from the other side…… 27.
Principles of Design
Principles of Design The ways in which the Elements of Art are organized are referred to as the Principles of Design. They are concepts that affect content and message. 28.
Principles of Design
Principles of Design Balance Emphasis Rhythm Movement Unity Variety Proportion 29.
The way the elements are arranged to create a feeling of stability in a work. Alexander Calder BALANCE 30.
Symmetrical Balance The parts of an image are organized so that one side mirrors the other. Leonardo DaVinci 31.
Asymmetrical Balance When one side of a composition does not reflect the design of the other. James Whistler 32.
Radial Balance Slice it like a pizza- Each piece will be the same 33.
The focal point of an image, or when one area or thing stand out the most. Jim Dine Gustav Klimt EMPHASIS 34.
EMPHASIS The part that catches your attention first. 35.
Can be created through the use of many different elements and principles like… CONTRAST PROPORTION COLOR EMPHASIS 36.
RHYTHM RHYTHM RHYTHM RHYTHM RHYTHM RHYTHM
RHYTHM RHYTHM RHYTHM RHYTHM RHYTHM RHYTHM A regular repetition of elements to produce the look and feel of movement. Marcel Duchamp 37.
RHYTHM The repetition of lines, shapes, or colors to create a feeling of movement. 38.
MOVEMENT The motion created in a work of art. Often uses the principle of rhythm to achieve this. 39.
Vincent VanGogh The feeling of action or directional flow 40.
When all the elements and principles work together to create a pleasing image. The feeling of wholeness or the parts belonging together. Johannes Vermeer UNITY 41.
The use of differences and change to increase the visual interest of the work. Marc Chagall VARIETY 42.
VARIETY The use of different lines, shapes, and colors in a piece of work. 43.
The comparative relationship of one part to another with respect to size, quantity, or degree; SCALE. Gustave Caillebotte PROPORTION 44.
…with color Proportion …size / scale 45.
Review- What principles do you see?
Review- What principles do you see? 47.
Balance- Symetrical 50.