Intro:Intro: §You are climbing with friends down in the canyon, suddenly you slip and fall. You cannot stand on your right foot and it really hurts. One of your friends has already called for help. You know you need to go the emergency room, but how are you going to pay for it?
Intro:Intro: §A friend of yours breaks his arm playing basketball. He is rushed to the hospital where they set his arm and put on a cast. He goes home later in the day. §Weeks later he receives the bill. It is a staggering $1,200. You find out that he was uninsured and that his family is trying to figure out how to pay but they just don’t have the money.
Intro:Intro: §After finding that out, you realize that the same thing could happen to you. §You go online and find out that with insurance, the cost would have only been $300. But you would have to pay a $100 monthly premium to have the insurance. § Looking at your own future, what do you do?
Intro:Intro: §Many people in the US are uninsured – assume all responsibility for health care costs. §Insurance helps decrease out of pocket expenses for health care services.
Health InsuranceHealth Insurance §Health insurance policy is a contract between an insurance company and an individual or his sponsor (e.g. an employer). §The contract can be renewable annually or monthly.
How Insurance WorksHow Insurance Works §It is more affordable when purchased in large groups §Companies purchase health insurance for employees Ø1. Eligibility depends upon continuous employment Ø2. Employees must work 20 or greater hours per week. Ø3. Pre-existing conditions are eligible
Insurance TerminologyInsurance Terminology §Premium is the amount the policy- holder or his/her employer pays to the health plan each month to purchase health coverage. (What you pay a month) §Deductible is the amount a person must pay for health care expenses before insurance covers the costs. (What you have meet before insurance pays in full)
Insurance TerminologyInsurance Terminology §Co-payment is the amount that the insured person must pay out of pocket for services. (It is added to the deductible amount) §For example, an insured person might pay a $45 co-payment for a doctor's visit, or to obtain a prescription. §Also a co-payment must be paid each time a particular service is obtained. (Surgery, MRI’s. etc…)
Types of Health insurance Types of Health insurance §HMO – Health Maintenance Insurance §Specialty treatment is available with referral §All monthly fees stay the same regardless of amount of health care used. §When a person elects to go to an HMO, these physicians provide all of their care – insured are limited to contracted physicians for care. §Out of pocket expenses are set.
Types of Health insurance Types of Health insurance §PPO - Preferred Provider Organization §Physicians contract services for a set fee and is listed as a preferred provider. §The insured person chooses from preferred providers. Usually from a list that is provided to you. §The insurance company pays a set amount and the insured pays the co- payment. §Referrals are made to specialists on the list.
Types of Health InsuranceTypes of Health Insurance § Medicare is a social insurance program administered by the United States government. §It provides health insurance coverage to people who are aged 65 and over, or who meet other special criteria.
Types of Health InsuranceTypes of Health Insurance §Medicaid is the United States health program for eligible individuals and families with low incomes and resources. §It is funded by the state and federal governments, and is managed by the states. §Eligible-U.S. citizens, resident aliens, low-income adults and their children, and people with certain disabilities.
Types of Health InsuranceTypes of Health Insurance §CHIP-The Children's Health Insurance Program is a program administered by the United States Department of Health and Human Services §provides matching funds to states for health insurance to families with children. §covers uninsured children in families with incomes that are modest but too high to qualify for Medicaid.
Types of Health InsuranceTypes of Health Insurance §Long-term care- insurance that helps provide for the cost of long-term care beyond a predetermined period. §covers care generally not covered by health insurance, Medicare, or Medicaid. §Individuals who require long-term care are generally not sick in the traditional sense, but instead, are unable to perform the basic activities of daily living (ADLs) Examples: such as dressing, bathing, eating, toileting, continence, transferring/getting in and out of a bed or chair, and walking. §Age is not a determining factor.
What else is Available?What else is Available? 1. Cancer Insurance-specific insurance for the treatment of cancers. § Can be added to basic health care insurance. §Provides income upon disability – short or long term.
What else is Available?What else is Available? 2. Disability Insurance §Provides income upon disability – short or long term. §Long waiting periods before benefits begin. 3. Vision Insurance §may pay a portion of an eye exam and part of a pair of glasses or contact lenses. 4. Dental Insurance §covers a portion of teeth cleaning, fillings, x- rays, orthodontics and oral surgery
Life Insurance Life Insurance §Provides financial payment to a beneficiary in the event of death. §Benefit can vary, depending on the needs of the family and individual. §Employers often offer life insurance to their employees in the amount of the employee's annual salary. §very inexpensive.
2 Types of Life Insurance2 Types of Life Insurance §Term Life Insurance – specific amount of money will be paid to a beneficiary. (Best one!) In theory, most people don't need life insurance forever. As they get older, their financial obligations decrease and their savings goes up, so the need for life insurance is low §Whole Life Insurance-You pay level premiums for the rest of your life or until the policy expires. Majority of life insurance policies expires when you are 100 years old.