The very beginning…The very beginning… lOpera lRecitative and Aria lWhat is the difference between opera and musical theater?
18th Century (1700’s)18th Century (1700’s) lOpera developed into comic opera. lOriginal scores lParody of opera lBallad operas lUsed popular music of the time and incorporated it into a storyline.
19th Century (1800’s)19th Century (1800’s) lVaudeville lSmall vignettes of singing, dancing and acting lSeparate unrelated acts lComedians, singers, acrobats lBurlesques lRhyming couplet dialogue lPopular music with changed lyrics lAudience would recognize the music.
The Black CrookThe Black Crook lCharles M. Barras, playwright lGuiseppi Operti and George Bickwell, music lPremiered in 1866 lConsidered the first show to conform to what we consider the modern musical lSong and dance helped to convey the story.
W.S. Gilbert and Arthur SullivanW.S. Gilbert and Arthur Sullivan lGilbert – librettist lSullivan – composer lVERY famous duo in musical theater lWrote several comic operas: lH.M.S. Pinafore, The Mikado, The Pirates of Penzance
1920’s1920’s lTheater began to have competition with motion picture lSilent movies and movies with sound lMusicals began to pull in big stars of the time to compete with the big screen lLess attention to plot
1920’s cont.1920’s cont. lShow Boat lSolidifies musical genre with all aspects lLady Be Good!; No, No Nanette; Oh! Kay lGeorge Gershwin, Cole Porter, Jerome Kern, Richard Rogers, Lorenz Hart, Fred and Adele Astaire
1930’s1930’s lGreat Depression and chap “talkies” presented new challenges lOf Thee I Sing! l1931 lGeorge and Ira Gershwin lWon Pulitzer Prize
1930’s (cont)1930’s (cont) lAnything Goes! lStarred Ethel Merman – lfirst woman of musical theater lCole Porter lOn Your Toes!; Can-Can; The Boys from Syracuse
1940’s1940’s lRichard Rogers and Oscar Hammerstein team up for Oklahoma! lFollows in the steps of Show Boat by integrating all aspects of musical theater. lHypothetical Love Song – People Will Say We’re In Love
1940’s (cont)1940’s (cont) lCarousel lOne of the first to incorporate a tragic plot. lHypothetical Love Song – “If I Loved You” lSouth Pacific – Rogers and Hammerstein lAnnie Get Your Gun lKiss Me Kate
1950’s1950’s lRogers and Hammerstein – ended their reign lThe King and I, Sound of Music lLeonard Bernsetin lWest Side Story
1960’s1960’s lSteven Sondheim lBegan to emerge in this decade lA Funny Thing Happened on the Way to the Forum lAnyone Can Whistle lThe Fantasticks; Fiddler on the Roof; Man of La Mancha; Hello, Dolly!; Cabaret; Mame
1970’s1970’s lRock Musicals lJesus Christ Superstar; Godspell; Rocky Horror Show lAfrican-American influence lDream Girls; The Wiz lSondheim continued lSunday in the Park with George; Into the Woods; Sweeney Todd; Company
1980’s and 1990’s1980’s and 1990’s lMore pop=influenced music lExtravigant sets, casts, effects lPhantom of the Opera; Evita, Miss Saigon; Les Miserables lBeauty and the Beast; Lion King; Little Mermaid lRent – rock opera based on La Boheme