Unit 22: Rules, regulations and officiating in sportUnit 22: Rules, regulations and officiating in sport During this unit you will complete 3 assignments •Assignment 1 – 3 tasks – Looking at the rules and regulations of sports, the application of these and who applies them. •Assignment 2 – 2 tasks – Assessing officials and providing feedback. •Assignment 3 – 2 tasks – Practically apply rules and analyse your performance.
What this will consist of:What this will consist of: •Research •Written documents •Observing professionals •Filming practical sessions •Officiating matches/games
Slide5•Rules and/or regulations that are publicly agreed upon sets of principles, policies, criteria, descriptions and/or conducts governing a sport or physical activity for reasons of safety, sportsmanship, equipment or facility design and competitiveness.
Looking at 2 similar games how do the rules vary?Looking at 2 similar games how do the rules vary? •http://www.break.com/usercontent/2010/2/1 7/the-rules-of-curling-1734861 •http://www.videojug.com/webvideo/how-to- learn-the-rules-of-lawn-bowling •Create a spider diagram of sports and when rules are applied
Who’s in charge?Who’s in charge? National Governing body (NGB) International Sports Federation (ISF) These set and amend the rules of any sport. They may change the rules and regulations periodically as they look to improve the sport. *FIFA = NGB for football What others can you think of?
So What is the role of an official?So What is the role of an official? •Officials are essential to the success of sport whatever the level! •Apply rules •Maintain H&S •Work as part of a team •Skills – management, self-awareness, empathy, communication skills and a love for sport.
Slide11•An official is someone who holds an office (function or mandate, regardless whether it carries an actual working space with it) in an organisation or government and participates in the exercise of authority (either his own of that of his superior and/or employer, public or legally private).
What’s the purpose?What’s the purpose? •To enable participants to compete within the spirit of the sport/activity through the effective application of its rules and laws
What rules?What rules? •Pick 2 sports, create a comparison taking into account the following: Time Equipment Scoring Facilities Other?
American Football – 7 officialsAmerican Football – 7 officials •Referee •Definition: The referee is the official that has control of the game and is generally the final authority in all decisions. Among his duties are: • Announce all penalties • Explain penalties to the offending team's captain • Explain penalties to the head coach of the offending team and inform him of who it was called against • Position himself in the backfield, approximately 10 yards behind the quarterback, before each snap • Monitor illegal hits on the quarterback • Watch for illegal blocks near the quarterback • Determine whether the yardage chains should be brought on the field for a measurement •You can tell the referee from the other officials because he is the only one that wears a white hat. All other officials wear black hats.
Slide10•Umpire •Definition: The umpire is the official that lines up approximately five yards off the line of scrimmage on the defensive side of the ball. His duties include: • Checking the legality of the players' equipment • Making sure the offense has no more than 11 men on the field • Monitor the legality of play on the line of scrimmage with a special emphasis on offensive holding and illegal linemen down field • Assist the referee on decisions involving possession of the ball • Record all timeouts • Record all scores • Record the winner of the coin toss • Wipes the ball dry between plays on rainy days
Slide12•Head linesman •Definition: The head linesman is the official that sets up straddling the line of scrimmage on the sideline designated by the referee. His duties include: • Watch for line of scrimmage violations like offsides and encroachment • Rule on all out-of-bounds plays on his side of the field • Keep tabs on the chain crew • Mark the chain to a yard marker on the field as a reference point for a measurement on the field • Mark a players forward progress after a play is whistled dead • Keep track of all eligible receivers • Watch for illegal motion, illegal shifts, illegal use of hands, illegal men downfield
Slide13•Line Judge •Definition: The official who lines up on the opposite side of the field from the head linesman. His duties include: • Assist the head linesman on in making illegal motion, illegal shifts, offside and encroachment calls • Assist the umpire with illegal use of the hands and holding calls • Assist the referee on false start calls • Make sure the quarterback does not cross the line of scrimmage before throwing the ball • Watch for offensive lineman going downfield too early on punts • Supervise the timing of the game • Supervise substitutions by the team on his side of the field
Slide14•Back Judge •Definition: The official who sets up 20 yards deep in the defensive backfield on the wide receiver side of the field. His duties include: • Make sure the defensive team has no more than 11 players on the field • Watch all eligible receivers on his side of the field • Watch the area between the umpire and field judge • Rule on the legality of catches and pass interference penalties • Watch for clipping on kick returns • On field goals, stand under the goalpost and rule on whether the kick is good
Slide15•Field Judge •Definition: The official that lines up 25 yards deep in the defensive backfield on the tight end side of the field. His duties include: • Keep track of the play clock and call delay of game if it expires • Make sure the defensive team has no more than 11 players on the field • Rule on plays that cross the defense's goal line • Watch all eligible receivers on his side of the field • Rule on the legality of catches and pass interference penalties on the strong side of the field • Mark the spot where a play goes out of bounds on his side of the field • Watch for illegal use of hands by the receivers and defensive backs
Slide16•Side Judge •Definition: The official that lines up 20 yards deep in the defensive backfield. His duties are essentially the same as the back judge: • Make sure the defensive team has no more than 11 players on the field • Watch all eligible receivers on his side of the field • Watch the area between the umpire and field judge • Rule on the legality of catches and pass interference penalties • Watch for clipping on kick returns
Assignment 1Assignment 1 •Pick a sport and research the officials, rules and regulations. •Cricket •Rugby union •Football •Badminton •Basketball •Netball •Volleyball •Hockey •Tennis •Wheelchair Basketball