Tips to be CoveredTips to be Covered ABCD EFGH ? × + + oOutlines oSlide Structure oFonts oColor oBackground oGraphs oSpelling and Grammar oConclusions oQuestions
Outline Outline oMake your 1st or 2nd slide an outline of your presentation. Ex: previous slide. oFollow the order of your outline for the rest of the presentation. oOnly place main points on the outline slide. Ex: Use the titles of each slide as main points.
Slide Structure – GoodSlide Structure – Good oUse 1-2 slides per minute of your presentation. oWrite in point form, not complete sentences. oInclude 4-5 points per slide. oAvoid wordiness: use key words and phrases only.
Slide Structure - BadSlide Structure - Bad This page contains too many words for a presentation slide. It is not written in point form, making it difficult both for your audience to read and for you to present each point. Although there are exactly the same number of points on this slide as the previous slide, it looks much more complicated. In short, your audience will spend too much time trying to read this paragraph instead of listening to you.
Slide Structure – GoodSlide Structure – Good Show one point at a time: oWill help audience concentrate on what you are saying. oWill prevent the audience from reading ahead. oWill help you keep your presentation focused.
Slide Structure - BadSlide Structure - Bad oDo not use distracting animation. oDo not go overboard with the animation. oBe consistent with the animation that you use.
Fonts - GoodFonts - Good ABC DEFG ABC DEFG oUse at least an 18-point font. oUse different size fonts for main points and secondary points. This font is 24-point, the main point font is 28-point, and the title font is 36-point. oUse a standard font like Times New Roman or Arial.
Fonts - BadFonts - Bad ABC DFG HL AB C oIf you use a small font, your audience won’t be able to read what you have written. oCAPITALIZE ONLY WHEN NECESSARY. IT IS DIFFICULT TO READ oDon’t use a complicated font.
Color - GoodColor - Good oUse a color of font that contrasts sharply with the background. Ex: blue font on white background. oUse color to reinforce the logic of your structure Ex: light blue title and dark blue text. oUse color to emphasize a point But only use this occasionally.
Color - BadColor - Bad oUsing a font color that does not contrast with the background color is hard to read. oUsing color for decoration is distracting and annoying. oUsing a different color for each point is unnecessary Using a different color for secondary points is also unnecessary oTrying to be creative can also be bad
Background - GoodBackground - Good oUse backgrounds such as this one that are attractive but simple. oUse backgrounds which are light. oUse the same background consistently throughout your presentation.
Background – BadBackground – Bad Avoid backgrounds that are distracting or difficult to read from. Always be consistent with the background that you use.
Graphs - GoodGraphs - Good oUse graphs rather than just charts and words. oData in graphs is easier to comprehend & retain than is raw data. oTrends are easier to visualize in graph form. oAlways title your graphs.
Graphs - BadGraphs - Bad oMinor gridlines are unnecessary. oFont is too small. oColors are illogical. oTitle is missing. oShading is distracting.
Spelling and GrammarSpelling and Grammar oProof your slides for: •speling mistakes, •the use of of repeated words, •grammatical errors you might have make, oIf English is not your first language, please have someone else check your presentation!
ConclusionConclusion oUse an effective and strong closing. oYour audience is likely to remember your last words. oUse a conclusion slide to: oSummarize the main points of your presentation oSuggest future avenues of research.
Questions?Questions? ? ? ? ? oEnd your presentation with a simple question slide to: oInvite your audience to ask questions. oProvide a visual aid during question period. oAvoid ending a presentation abruptly.