Solar System Planets

    Published: September 08, 2018

    Earth and the other three inner planets of our solar system (Mercury, Venus, and Mars) are made of rock, containing common minerals like feldspars and metals like magnesium and aluminum.


    Solar System Planets

    • 1. Slide1 SOLAR SYSTEM Planets
    • 2. Slide2 1965 Mars 1979 Jupiter 1980 Satum Early Solar System 1986 Uranus 1990 Neptune
    • 3. Slide3 Pluton Once the ninth planet from the sun, Pluto is unlike other planets in many respects. It is smaller than Earth's moon. Its orbit carries it inside the orbit of Neptune and then way out beyond that orbit. From 1979 until early 1999, Pluto had actually been the eighth planet from the sun. Then, on Feb. 11, 1999, it crossed Neptune's path and once again became the solar system's most distant planet until it was demoted to dwarf planet status. Pluto’s orbit is tilted to the main plane of the solar system where the other planets orbit by 17.1 degrees. NASA's New Horizons mission performed history's first flyby of the Pluto system on July 14, 2015.
    • 4. Slide4 Neptune The eighth planet from the sun, Neptune is known for strong winds sometimes faster than the speed of sound. Neptune is far out and cold. The planet is more than 30 times as far from the sun as Earth. It has a rocky core. Neptune was the first planet to be predicted to exist by using math before it was detected. Irregularities in the orbit of Uranus led French astronomer Alexis Bouvard to suggest some other might be exerting a gravitational tug. German astronomer Johann Galle used calculations to help find Neptune in a telescope. Neptune is about 17 times as massive as Earth.
    • 5. Slide5 Uranus The seventh planet from the sun, Uranus is an oddball. It’s the only giant planet whose equator is nearly at right angles to its orbit it basically orbits on its side. Astronomers think the planet collided with some other planet-size object long ago, causing the tilt. The tilt causes extreme seasons that last 20- plus years, and the sun beats down on one pole or the other for 84 Earth-years. Uranus is about the same size as Neptune. Methane in the atmosphere gives Uranus its blue-green tint.
    • 6. Slide6 Saturn The sixth planet from the sun is known most for its rings. When Galileo Galilei first studied Saturn in the early 1600s, he thought it was an object with three parts. Not knowing he was seeing a planet with rings, the stumped astronomer entered a small drawing a symbol with one large circle and two smaller ones in his notebook, as a noun in a sentence describing his discovery. More than 40 years later, Christiaan Huygens proposed that they were rings. The rings are made of ice and rock. The gaseous planet is mostly hydrogen and helium. It has numerous moons.
    • 7. Slide7 Jupiter The fifth planet from the sun, Jupiter is huge and is the most massive planet in our solar system. It’s a mostly gaseous world, mostly hydrogen and helium. Its swirling clouds are colorful due to different types of trace gases. A big feature is the Great Red Spot, a giant storm which has raged for hundreds of years. Jupiter has a strong magnetic field, and with dozens of moons, it looks a bit like a miniature solar system.
    • 8. Slide8 Mars The fourth planet from the sun is a cold, dusty place. The dust, an iron oxide, gives the planet its reddish cast. Mars shares similarities with Earth: It is rocky, has mountains and valleys, and storm systems ranging from localized tornado-like dust devils to planet-engulfing dust storms. It snows on Mars. And Mars harbors water ice. Scientists think it was once wet and warm, though today it’s cold and desert-like. Mars' atmosphere is too thin for liquid water to exist on the surface for any length of time. Scientists think ancient Mars would have had the conditions to support life.
    • 9. Slide9 Earth The third planet from the sun, Earth is a water world, with two-thirds of the planet covered by ocean. It’s the only world known to harbor life. Earth’s atmosphere is rich in life-sustaining nitrogen and oxygen. Earth's surface rotates about its axis at 1,532 feet per second (467 meters per second) slightly more than 1,000 mph (1,600 kph) at the equator. The planet zips around the sun at more than 18 miles per second (29 km per second).
    • 10. Slide10 Venus The second planet from the sun, Venus is terribly hot, even hotter than Mercury. The atmosphere is toxic. The pressure at the surface would crush and kill you. Scientists describe Venus’ situation as a runaway greenhouse effect. Its size and structure are similar to Earth, Venus' thick, toxic atmosphere traps heat in a runaway "greenhouse effect." Oddly, Venus spins slowly in the opposite direction of most planets.
    • 11. Slide11 Mercury The closest planet to the sun, Mercury is only a bit larger than Earth's moon. Its day side is scorched by the sun and can reach 840 degrees Fahrenheit (450 Celsius), but on the night side, temperatures drop to hundreds of degrees below freezing. Mercury has virtually no atmosphere to absorb meteor impacts, so its surface is pockmarked with craters, just like the moon.
    • 12. Slide12 SUN Earth and the other three inner planets of our solar system (Mercury, Venus, and Mars) are made of rock, containing common minerals like feldspars and metals like magnesium and aluminum.
    • 13. Slide17 THANK YOU SOURCE : https://www.nationalgeographic.com/science/space/our-solar-system/, https://www.space.com/16080-solar- system-planets.html