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    Chernobyl Disaster

    Published: September 10, 2019

    The Chernobyl reactor accident or the Chernobyl disaster occurred on April 26, 1986, at reactor 4 at the Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant near the city of Pripyat in the Soviet Union of Ukraine of the Soviet Union.

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    Chernobyl Disaster

    • 1. Slide1 Chernobyl Disaster
    • 2. Slide2 Chernobyl Disaster The explosion of the fourth reactor of the Chernobyl nuclear power plant on the border of Ukraine and Belarus at 01.24 on the night of April 26, 1986 was the largest nuclear accident of the 20th century. The radiation produced by the explosion was 200 times more than the total number of atomic bombs thrown into Hiroshima and Nagasaki.
    • 3. Slide3 First Effect The first linear effect of the Chernobyl accident on health was that 237 cleaning workers had acute radiation syndrome; 28 of them died in 1986 and 19 of them between 1987-2004.
    • 4. Slide4 Pripyat City The closest settlement to the explosion was the city of Pripyat. In Ukraine, 7 km from the Belarusian border, 130 km from the capital Kiev, 3 km from Chernobyl, the majority of the people living in the city were working at the plant. The population of Pripyat was 45, including 16,000 children.
    • 5. Slide5 400 thousand people were displaced Pripyat was evacuated on 27 April.There were 130 thousand people living in 76 settlements in the 30 km diameter area which is still forbidden around the power plant. This area was evacuated within 10 days of the explosion. The total number of people forced to leave their homes due to an accident is close to 400 thousand.
    • 6. Slide7 Turkey, an area about one fifth of radioactive Most of the area affected by nuclear leakage is still under Cesium-137 pollution with a half-life of 30 years. Heavy levels of radioactive cesium- 137 contamination in the area of 150 thousand square kilometers suffered close (about one-fifth of the area of Turkey). In Belarus, 22 percent of agricultural land and 21 percent of forests suffered radioactive contamination.
    • 7. Slide6 Prevention against radiation was taken late. The large part of the radiation was dispersed in the first 10 days. Radiation spread to a wide environment with frequent rainstorms. The administration of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) launched the iodine tablet at a very late date (May 23).
    • 8. Slide8 Commemorations Today, commemoration activities will take place in the town of Slavutic, where the plant is located, with the participation of Ukrainian President Petro Poroshenko. In Turkey, the Chernobyl "30 Life Against Nuclear Festival of the Year" will be held a memorial named.
    • 9. Slide9 Effects •A report issued by the United Nations in 2011, Chernobyl region, about 7000 children, such as thyroid, lung, eye, cancer diseases, such as revealed. •Thousands of children, thyroid, eye, lung cancer, as well as many deadly cancer diseases, as well as the most common diseases of the heart disease, although years have passed. •Research has shown that in some towns exposed to radioactive pollution, 93 percent of the tested milk contains much more than the acceptable level of chemical cesium.
    • 10. Slide10 Economic and environmental damages §In Ukraine, 18,000 km2 of agricultural land was exposed to radioactive contamination. 40 percent of the country's forests (35,000 km2 in total) have been polluted. §The cost of the accident to Ukraine as of 2000 was $ 148 billion. §By 2016, Belarus predicts that the effect of Chernobyl on the economy will be $ 235 billion.
    • 11. Slide11 How it has affected Turkey? ØIn Turkey, Karadeniz Technical University Faculty of Medicine, Internal Medicine and Pediatrics leukemia cases based on his work in the branches, the pre-1986 from 0.7 percent to 2 percent in 1986 after output. ØAccording to the Chairman of the Cancer Control Department data cancer cases in 1984, which is 19.2 per hundred thousand in Turkey it was reported to be 63.46 lakh in 96 years on.
    • 12. Slide12 How it has affected Turkey? ØOn May 4 1000 times the exact path Kapıkule-Edirne and Istanbul due to Chernobyl radiation in the air passing into history as the highest value measured in Turkey, while 16 miliröntg / time values were measured. Ø5 days after the accident, the air radiation in Akçakoca was gradually increased. In the Karasu Region, measurements were made at 150 microneights / hour, which is 20 times the natural radiation level of that region.
    • 13. Slide13 Turkey wants to build nuclear power plant Turkey's first nuclear power plant in Akkuyu Russian company located in Mersin's Akkuyu district Buyukeceli established by Rosatom Nuclear Inc. wants to do. The plant is planned to cost $ 20 billion and four reactors with a total capacity of 4800 MW are planned. The foundation was laid on 14 April 2015.
    • 14. Slide14 Turkey wants to build nuclear power plant The second nuclear power plant will be built in Sinop Inceburun. A total of four 4480 MW reactors are planned to be installed. The construction of the plant was carried out by Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, Itochu Corp., Japan. and GDF Suez from France undertook $ 22 billion. Mitsubishi Heavy Industries and Areva from France will produce the reactors. The third power plant is planned to be built in Kırklareli İğneada region.