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    Artificial Organs

    Published: June 08, 2019

    The artificial organ is the organ made with mechanical materials to gain the function of the organ, which in some cases begins to lose its function and is vital to the person.

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    Artificial Organs

    • 1. Artificial Organs Artificial Organs
    • 2. What is Artificial Organ What is Artificial Organ The artificial organ is the organ made with mechanical materials to gain the function of the organ, which in some cases begins to lose its function and is vital to the person. Vital organs are quite complex in structure. It is very difficult to do the same in a mechanical way. For this reason, priority is always in real organ transplantation. The artificial organ made in artificial organ transplant does not work as a real organ, it provides the continuation of the person's life but they continue their lives with many health problems.
    • 3. History of Artificial Organ Making History of Artificial Organ Making People have been using different materials since ancient times. The earliest known prosthesis was found in Egypt and BC. It is a mummy made of leather and wood which is thought to belong to 1069 - 664 years old. In the writings of Hippocrates, BC. 6. In the 7th and 7th centuries, Egyptians, Phoenicians, and Eflifers had used the golden wires to put the falling teeth back into the mouth and explained the techniques of tying the teeth in detail.
    • 4. History of Artificial Organ Making History of Artificial Organ Making With the increase of mechanical knowledge and metalworking, moving hanger hands and prosthetic legs have been made since the 15th century. But all surgical operations performed with the aim of placing a nail or material into the body failed. The reason for this was that the wound area or the surgical tissue was infected. However, when Louis Pasteur discovered the presence of microbes in the 1870s, and Joseph Lister made antiseptics, operations began to be successful in sterilizing the operation instruments and chambers.
    • 5. History of Artificial Organ Making History of Artificial Organ Making In the last 50 years, as a result of advances in materials and nanotechnology, it has been possible to produce materials that have the desired properties and are in good agreement with body tissues, in other words istenilen biocompatible and bioactive. Nowadays, many different materials and different implants are used to treat or support the disruption or damage of almost every part of our body.
    • 6. Half-Live Artificial Intelligence Half-Live Artificial Intelligence The basic element of living things is carbon. The most important element in the structure of molecules such as DNA, RNA, protein, which are the building blocks of our bodies is carbon. Next to it are oxygen, hydrogen, nitrogen, and other elements. On the other hand, silicon, which is in the same group as carbon, is very close to carbon but has an extra electron ring, is the basic element of all inanimate. Materials such as stone, soil are silicon-based.
    • 7. Half-Live Artificial Intelligence Half-Live Artificial Intelligence Silicon is also the basic material of the integrated circuits, computers, silicon-chips, which have gained importance today. It is used in the construction of communication networks and robots. Although they are very similar to each other chemically, these two elements differ greatly.
    • 8. First Artificial Organ Making First Artificial Organ Making The first artificial organ production in the laboratory was completed on April 4, 2006 by a team of biologists from the Wake Forest University School of Medicine. It was led by Anthony Atala. Every organ in the body has some specific stem cells specific to that organ. These stem cells are isolated and kept under appropriate conditions to grow in a laboratory. Cells are seeded with organ-like mold and allowed to grow. Within a few weeks, the cells are growing and the mold is further torn apart and leaving only organs. This newly grown organ is then used to replace the old organ in the patient's body. Sometimes synthetic material is used with stem cells to form an artificial organ.
    • 9. First Artificial Organ Making First Artificial Organ Making The human body is a complex machine and still preserves a mystery even after years of medical research. All organs in the body work individually, but together with other organs, it ensures that the human remains healthy. However, there are many diseases and infections that can lead to organ failure if not treated timely and may result in complications and, in some cases, death. In general, in the event of organ failure, it is possible to replace with a healthy organ or artificial organ. An artificial organ is a man-made device that is used to replace the natural organ to correct the organ's functioning.
    • 10. Advantages of Artificial Organs Advantages of Artificial Organs ➔Artificial organs can replace diseased or damaged organs so that a sick patient is given the opportunity to live a healthy and normal life. ➔Artificial organs can meet the huge demands of healthy donor organs. There is a large list of patients who are in urgent need of healthy organs but cannot find a suitable volunteer.
    • 11. Advantages of Artificial Organs Advantages of Artificial Organs ➔Thanks to regenerative medicine or artificial organ therapy, burn victims can even have new skin. ➔The time required to create or grow an artificial organ is less than the waiting time to find a suitable donor whose organ fits perfectly into the recipient's body.
    • 12. Disadvantages of Artificial Organs Disadvantages of Artificial Organs Sometimes, foreign body tissue can be used to regenerate or regenerate the organ. In such cases, the tissue is likely to be infected with other diseases. It may take some time for the body to adapt to the new organ. How the body reacts to the new organ may vary from person to person. If there is a problem with the operation of the organ, it may be necessary to have another transplant. There are some ethical issues related to artificial organs. People are likely to abuse artificial organ options.
    • 13. First Artificial Organ Transplantation First Artificial Organ Transplantation An international team of surgeons performed the world's first synthetic organ transplant in Sweden. On June 9, an artificial trachea transplant was developed by scientists in London, which was developed by covering the stem cells from the patient. There is no risk of rejecting the body's organ due to donor-free technique. Surgeons say the synthetic trachea can be done in a few days.
    • 14. First Artificial Organ Transplantation First Artificial Organ Transplantation A 36-year-old cancer patient was reported to be in good condition for a month after a 12-hour operation by the team led by Italian Professor Paolo Macchiarini at Karolinska University Hospital. Professor Macchiarini said that he would like to use the revolutionary technique of organ transplantation to treat a 9-month-old Korean baby born with traumatic deformation of the trachea. However, all of the trachea from donors were covered with stem cells of the patients. The key point of the last technique, the patient's own trachea is exactly the same model to create a structure or scaffolding of the scientists who said, for this reason, the University of Iceland, who has a master of geology in the African patients Andemariam Teklesenbet Beyene'nin noted that they use the 3D images obtained by British experts.
    • 15. Thank You. Thank You